Tag Archives: History

Der Shuhmacher

Periscope Films shows us the beautiful craft by hand of a shoemaker in the 1930’s.

1930s FILM SHOEMAKER MAKES SHOES BY HAND GERMAN EDUCATIONAL MOVIE 75222

August 12, 2015

Made in the 1930s, this silent German educational film shows how shoes are made from scratch by a shoemaker. Shoemaking is the process of making footwear. Originally, shoes were made one at a time by hand. Traditional handicraft shoemaking has now been largely superseded in volume of shoes produced by industrial mass production of footwear, but not necessarily in quality, attention to detail, or craftsmanship.

Shoemakers or cordwainers (cobblers being those who repair shoes) may produce a range of footwear items, including shoes, boots, sandals, clogs and moccasins. Such items are generally made of leather, wood, rubber, plastic, jute or other plant material, and often consist of multiple parts for better durability of the sole, stitched to a leather upper.

For most of history, shoemaking has been a handicraft, limited to time consuming manufacture by hand. Traditional shoemakers used more than 15 different techniques of making shoes. Some of these were: pegged construction, English welted (machine-made versions are referred to as “Goodyear welted” after the inventor of the technique), goyser welted, Norwegian, stitchdown, turnout, German sewn, moccasin, bolognese stitched, and blake-stitched. The most basic foot protection, used since ancient times in the Mediterranean area, was the sandal, which consisted of a protective sole, attached to the foot with leather thongs. Similar footwear worn in the Far East was made from plaited grass or palm fronds. In climates that required a full foot covering, a single piece of untanned hide was laced with a thong, providing full protection for the footand so made a complete covering.

For most of history, shoemaking has been a handicraft, limited to time consuming manufacture by hand. Traditional shoemakers used more than 15 different techniques of making shoes. Some of these were: pegged construction, English welted (machine-made versions are referred to as “Goodyear welted” after the inventor of the technique), goyser welted, Norwegian, stitchdown, turnout, German sewn, moccasin, bolognese stitched, and blake-stitched.

The most basic foot protection, used since ancient times in the Mediterranean area, was the sandal, which consisted of a protective sole, attached to the foot with leather thongs. Similar footwear worn in the Far East was made from plaited grass or palm fronds. In climates that required a full foot covering, a single piece of untanned hide was laced with a thong, providing full protection for the footand so made a complete covering.

The sewing machine was introduced in 1846, and provided an alternative method for the mechanization of shoemaking. By the late 1850s, the industry was beginning to shift towards the modern factory, mainly in the US and areas of England. A shoe stitching machine was invented by the American Lyman Blake in 1856 and perfected by 1864. Entering in to partnership with McKay, his device became known as the McKay stitching machine and was quickly adopted by manufacturers throughout New England. As bottlenecks opened up in the production line due to these innovations, more and more of the manufacturing stages, such as pegging and finishing, became automated. By the 1890s, the process of mechanisation was largely complete.

Traditional shoemakers still exist today, especially in poorer parts of the world, and create custom shoes. Current crafters, in developing regions or supply constrained areas may use surplus car or truck tire tread sections as an inexpensive and plentiful material resource with which to make strong soles for shoes or sandals. Generally, the modern machinery used includes die cutting tools to cut the shapes and grommet machines[4] to punch holes for lacing.

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Before Go Fund Me

The horror of the olden days.  Actually having to work for money!

“Go fund me back in the day.  GoFundMe circa 1978.”
Image courtesy of https://imgur.com/t/memes/jeN2oLN.

Flying Pan Am 747 Economy

Flying in the lap of luxury.


“Economy Class Seating On A Pan Am 747 In The Late 1960’s.”
Image courtesy of https://imgur.com/gallery/852xQDM.

 

Sugarloaf Made And Used

Interersting.

“Sugarloafs – how you made sugar until the late 19th century.”
Image courtesy ofhttps://imgur.com/gallery/GMruY71.

Checker Cab 1994

Roomy like no other!  An American icon.

Checker Taxi on Good Morning America July 12, 1994

May 30, 2016

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Selfie Circa 1900

It was important to capture one’s own image even a century ago.

“A mirror selfie, ~1900.”
Image courtesy of https://imgur.com/gallery/z2WqooC.

Summer Seat Belt Branding

Unforgettable.


“Holy childhood.  Who remembers burning themselves trying to buckle up in the summer?”
Image courtesy of https://imgur.com/gallery/wbOLI.